The session “Data spaces: architecture, business models and supporting initiatives” at the EOSC 2022 Symposium in Prague took place on 14 November 2022. It featured presentations from Mark Dietrich and Giuseppe la
Rocca, Juan Arenas Márquez (ELIXIR) and myself. Magdalena Brus (EGI) masterfully connected the talks with the discussion which followed.
The session looked into examples from the green deal and genomic data spaces and the technology behind EGI Advanced Computing for EOSC. I discussed the case of developing a data space for the digital heritage which is spearheaded by Europeana.
In Bulgaria, GATE institute will play an active role in this domain in the next years contributing to the research on the users and their needs and enabling technologies through a forthcoming ERA Chair grant, DISPATCHES.
There were several aspects that stood out:
- About half of the audience came to explore what data spaces are. The concept is still relatively novel for the open science community.
- Some of the presented domains (green deal, genome) are advanced in terms of clear use cases and technological pilots. Others (cultural heritage) are still working on formulating use cases.
- The audience demonstrated a vivid interest in the technological aspects and how existing open science infrastructures will be redefined and/or reused in the realm of data spaces.
- Another topic of interest was what would be the interplay of the European Open Science Cloud which builds open the FAIR data principles and data spaces that orchestrate data of different rights.
- The risk to form new infrastructural silos within the various subject domain data spaces was also widely discussed. This is a challenging territory. Besides the interoperability obstacles which are very very likely when infrastructures of different communities meet, there is also the issue of the use cases and which community ‘owns’ them. For example, blending data from the urban data space with the cultural heritage domain one would open a very attractive avenue for developing a historical layer within the urban space. A great use case for this combined data space would possibly be most relevant to the tourist data space as such blending opens immense opportunities for offering richer tourist routes experiences. But how are these three data spaces and the respective communities going to negotiate and develop such a tripartite use case? Who would initiate it and how are they going to pull the right data and tools to make it happen?
This session was the first direct meeting of open science and data space communities at the spectacular annual symposium of the data space community. We definitely will be seeing more joint activities of these communities in the future. It is very invigorating to be part of the vivid discussion and to identify jointly some of the areas for future work.